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Achieving 80% BSN by 2020: Lessons Learned From Kentucky’s Registered Nurses. Journal of Nursing Administration. pg. 449-456
Warshawsky, Nora E. PhD, RN, CNE; Brandford, Arica JD, MSN, RN; Barnum, Nancy PhD, RN, CNE; Westneat, Susan MA
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to understand the educational status and plans of Kentucky’s RN workforce in advancing nursing educational levels. BACKGROUND: The Institute of Medicine called for 80% of nurses to hold a minimum of a BSN by 2020. Nurse leaders from practice, academe, and the community need evidence to guide the development of effective strategies. METHODS: An electronic survey was administered to Kentucky’s RNs. This descriptive analysis was based on 1363 usable responses. RESULTS: Only 40% of Kentucky’s RNs held at least a BSN. Another 17% were enrolled in a nursing degree program; half of those enrolled were pursuing a BSN. Of those not enrolled in a degree program, 61.5% reported no plans to return to school. The top barriers were lack of perceived benefit, financial concerns, family obligations, and planned retirement. The top motivating factor was career advancement. CONCLUSION: The gap between the current reality and the goal is wide. Nurse leaders will need to develop creative strategies that strengthen motivating factors and reduce barriers to accelerate movement toward increasing BSN rates. Copyright (C) 2015 Wolters Kluwer Health, Inc. All rights reserved.
Achieving 80% BSN by 2020: Chief Nurse Executive Role and ANCC Influence. Journal of Nursing Administration. pg. 582-588
Warshawsky, Nora E. PhD, RN; Wiggins, Amanda T. PhD; Lake, Sharon W. PhD, RN; Velasquez, Cathy DNP, RN, CPHM
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to understand current education level of hospital nurses and strategies used by Kentucky’s chief nurse executives (CNEs) to encourage academic progression in their RN workforce. BACKGROUND: The Institute of Medicine and American Nurses Credentialing Center called for 80% of RNs to be educated with a minimum of a BSN. CNEs have a key role in achieving that goal. METHODS: An electronic survey was administered in fall 2013. Fifty-two Kentucky CNEs responded. RESULTS: No hospitals in Kentucky met the BSN target. Sixty-two percent of CNEs planned to achieve 80% BSN nurses by 2020. Teaching status, hiring preferences, goals for increasing percentage of BSN nurses, and processes to facilitate advancement of nurses prepared at the associate degree level were associated with pursuit or achievement of Pathway to Excellence(R) or Magnet(R) designation. In addition to policies to support increasing educational levels, incentives offered included tuition reimbursement, career advancement, time off, and academic partnerships. CONCLUSION: Increasing the proportion of BSN-prepared nurses should be a priority for CNEs. Strategies to facilitate that goal are explored. From these data, a large number of CNEs (38%) do not have a goal to achieve the recommended levels of BSN nurses. Further education and support in the rural hospitals in Kentucky are indicated to support this recommendation. Copyright (C) 2015 Wolters Kluwer Health, Inc. All rights reserved.